Tooth wear caused by forces other than chewing such as holding objects between the teeth or improper brushing.
A tooth (or implant) that supports a dental prosthesis.
An alloy used in direct dental restorations. Also known a a silver filling.
- General Anesthesia: A controlled state of unconsciousness, accompanied by a partial or complete loss of protective reflexes, including loss of ability to independently maintain airway and respond purposefully to physical stimulation or verbal command, produced by a pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic method or combination thereof;
- Intravenous (IV) Sedation/Analgesia: A medically controlled state of depressed consciousness while maintaining the patient’s airway, protective reflexes and the ability to respond to stimulation or verbal commands. It includes intravenous administration of sedative and/or analgesic agent(s) and appropriate monitoring.
- Local Anesthesia: The loss of pain sensation over a specific area of the anatomy without loss of consciousness.
- Non-Intravenous Conscious Sedation: A medically controlled state of depressed consciousness while maintaining the patient’s airway, protective reflexes and the ability to respond to stimulation or verbal commands. It includes administration of sedative and/or analgesic agent(s) by a route other than IV; (PO, PR, Intranasal, IM) and appropriate monitoring.
- Regional Anesthesia: A term used for local anesthesia.
A premolar tooth; a tooth with two cusps.
Process of removing tissue for histologic evaluation.
X-rays used to reveal the crowns of several upper and lower teeth as they bite down.
A cosmetic dental procedure that whitens the teeth using a bleaching solution.
A composite resin applied to a tooth to change its shape and/or color. Bonding also refers to how a filling, orthodontic appliance or some fixed partial dentures are attached to teeth.
See Fixed Partial Denture and/or Removable Partial Denture.
Constant grinding or clenching of teeth during they day or while asleep.
Hard deposit of mineralized material adhering to crowns and/or roots of teeth.
Commonly used term for tooth decay.
Decay in tooth caused by caries; also referred to as carious lesion.
Birth defect in which one or more fissures form in the upper lip, which takes place while the fetus is growing.
Congenital deformity resulting in lack of fusion of the soft and/or hard palate, either partial or complete.
The clamping and pressing of the jaws and teeth together in centric occlusion, frequently associated with psychological stress or physical effort.
A dental restorative material made up of disparate or separate parts (e.g. resin and quartz particles). Also know as a tooth-colored restoration.
A state in which patients are awake and can breathe and swallow on their own but are less aware of what is taking place.
- PFM (porcelain fused to metal) Crown: Crown made with a metal substructure and a porcelain covering to match your tooth color.
- APC (all porcelain) Crown: Crown made with ceramic and porcelain to match your tooth color. There is no metal in this crown. This is the most esthetic option for crowns.
- Gold Crown: Crown made of full gold, this crown will not match your tooth color.
- Esthetic Margin of a Crown: The esthetic margin is found on a PFM Crown and is an optional service. If chosen, the crown will be fabricated with all porcelain on the cheek side. If the margin is not chosen the crown will be fabricated with a small sliver of gold along the gumline on the cheek side. Esthetic Margins are typically chosen when placing crowns towards the front of the mouth.
The pointed portion of the tooth.
Pathological cavity, usually lined with epithelium, containing fluid or soft matter.
Removing foreign matter or dead tissue.
The lay term for carious lesions in a tooth; decomposition of tooth structure.
Scaling and polishing procedure performed to remove coronal plaque, calculus, and stains.
An artificial device that replaces one or more missing teeth.
That part of the tooth that is beneath enamel and cementum.
The teeth in the dental arch.
Refers to the permanent teeth in the dental arch.
Refers to the deciduous or primary teeth in the dental arch.
An artificial substitute for natural teeth and adjacent tissues.
The part of the denture that holds the artificial teeth and fits over the gums.
A restoration fabricated inside the mouth.
Localized inflammation of the tooth socket following extraction due to infection or loss of blood clot; osteitis.
Hard calcified tissue covering dentin of the crown of tooth.
A dental specialist who limits his/her practice to treating disease and injuries of the pulp and associated periradicular conditions.
Wearing down of tooth structure, caused by chemicals (acids).
When a tooth emerges or pushes through the gums.
- Periodic Oral Evaluation: An evaluation performed on a patient of record to determine any changes in the patient’s dental and medical health status since a previous comprehensive or periodic evaluation. This may require interpretation of information acquired through additional diagnostic procedures. Report additional diagnostic procedures separately.
- Limited Oral Evaluation: Problem focused: an evaluation limited to a specific oral health problem. This may require interpretation of information acquired through additional diagnostic procedures. Definitive procedures may be required on the same date as the evaluation. Typically, patients receiving this type of evaluation have been referred for a specific problem and/or present with dental emergencies, trauma, acute infection, etc.
- Comprehensive Oral Evaluation: Typically used by a general dentist and/or a specialist when evaluating a patient comprehensively. It is a thorough evaluation and recording of the extraoral and intraoral hard and soft tissues. It may require interpretation of information acquired through additional diagnostic procedures. This would include the evaluation and recording of the patient’s dental and medical history and a general health assessment. It may typically include the evaluation and recording of dental caries, missing or unerupted teeth, restorations, occlusal relationships, periodontal conditions (including periodontal charting), hard and soft tissue anomalies, etc.
- Comprehensive Periodontal Evaluation: Typically includes evaluation of periodontal conditions, probing and charting, evaluation and recording of the patient’s dental and medical history and general health assessment. It may include the evaluation and recording of dental caries, missing or unerupted teeth, restorations, occlusal relationships and oral cancer screening.
- Detailed And Extensive Oral Evaluation—Problem-Focused, By Report: A detailed and extensive problem-focused evaluation entails extensive diagnostic and cognitive modalities based on the findings of a comprehensive oral evaluation. Integration of more extensive diagnostic modalities to develop a treatment plan for a specific problem is required. The condition requiring this type of evaluation should be described and documented. Examples of conditions requiring this type of evaluation may include dentofacial anomalies, complicated perio-prosthetic conditions, complex temporomandibular dysfunction, facial pain of unknown origin, severe systemic diseases requiring multi-disciplinary consultation, etc.
- Re-Evaluation—Limited, Problem Focused (established patient; not post-operative visit): This includes assessing the status of a previously existing condition. Examples of conditions requiring this type of evaluation may include: A traumatic injury where no treatment was rendered but the patient needs follow-up monitoring; Evaluation for undiagnosed continuing pain: A soft tissue lesion requiring follow-up evaluation.
Surgical removal of bone or tissue.
The process or act of removing a tooth or tooth parts.
Orthodontic devices, commonly known as braces, that are bonded to the teeth to produce different tooth movements to help reposition teeth for orthodontic therapy.
Fixed Partial Denture
A fixed partial denture is a prosthetic replacement of one or more missing teeth cemented or attached to the abutment teeth or implant abutments adjacent to the space.
The breaking of a part, especially of a bony structure; breaking of a tooth.
A combination of 14 or more periapical and 4 bitewing films of the back teeth. This series of x-rays reveals all the teeth (their crowns and roots) and the alveolar bone around them.
A deep level of sedation in which patients lose consciousness, feel no pain, and have no memory of what is taking place around them.
Soft tissues overlying the crowns of unerupted teeth and encircling the necks of those that have erupted.
An overgrowth of gingival tissues.
Inflammation of gingival tissue without loss of connective tissue.
The excision or removal of gingiva.
Surgical procedure to reshape gingiva.
A piece of tissue or alloplastic material placed in contact with tissue to repair a defect or supplement a deficiency.
This would include, but is not limited to, CAT scans, MRIs, photographs, radiographs, etc.
Prosthesis constructed for placement immediately after removal of remaining natural teeth.
An unerupted or partially erupted tooth that is positioned against another tooth, bone, or soft tissue so that complete eruption is unlikely.
Material inserted or grafted into tissue.
A device specially designed to be placed surgically within or on the mandibular or maxillary bone as a means of providing for dental replacement; endosteal (endosseous); eposteal (subperiosteal); transosteal (transosseous).
An indirect intracoronal restoration; a dental restoration made outside of the oral cavity to correspond to the form of the prepared cavity, which is then luted into the tooth.
Between the teeth.
Inside the mouth.
A common name for either the maxilla or the mandible.
An injury or wound; area of diseased tissue.
Pertaining to or around the tongue; surface of the tooth directed toward the tongue; opposite of facial.
Therapy for preserving the state of health of the periodontium.
Improper alignment of biting or chewing surfaces of upper and lower teeth.
A type of fixed partial denture not requiring crowns. The prosthesis is bonded to the natural teeth to secure it.
The upper jaw.
Teeth posterior to the premolars (bicuspids) on either side of the jaw; grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces.
Device that fits over the teeth to prevent injury to the teeth, mouth or lips. May also refer to a device that prevents tooth grinding or treats temporomandibular disorders.
Lining of the oral cavity as well as other canals and cavities of the body; also called “mucosa.”
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
A disorder in which breathing stops for short periods of time during sleep.
Pertaining to the biting surfaces of the premolar and molar teeth or contacting surfaces of opposing teeth or opposing occlusion rims.
Any contact between biting or chewing surfaces of maxillary (upper) and mandibular (lower) teeth.
An indirect restoration made outside the oral cavity that overlays a cusp or cusps of the tooth, which is then luted to the tooth.
Pertaining to the mouth.
Oral And Maxillofacial Surgeon
A dental specialist whose practice is limited to the diagnosis, surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries, deformities, defects and esthetic aspects of the oral and maxillofacial regions.
A dental specialist whose practice is limited to the interception and treatment of malocclusion of the teeth and their surrounding structures.
Surgery performed to correct facial imbalances caused by abnormalities of the jaw bones.
The hard and soft tissues forming the roof of the mouth that separates the oral and nasal cavities.
Usually refers to a prosthetic device that replaces missing teeth; see Fixed Partial Denture or Removable Partial Denture.
An infection in the gum pocket that can destroy hard and soft tissues.
Inflammatory process of the gingival tissues and/or periodontal membrane of the teeth, resulting in an abnormally deep gingival sulcus, possibly producing periodontal pockets and loss of supporting alveolar bone.
Pathologically deepened gingival sulcus; a feature of periodontal disease.
A dental specialist whose practice is limited to the treatment of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth.
Inflammation and loss of the connective tissue of the supporting or surrounding structure of teeth with loss of attachment.
A soft sticky substance that accumulates on teeth composed largely of bacteria and bacterial derivatives.
An elongated projection fitted and cemented within the prepared root canal, serving to strengthen and retain restorative material and/or a crown restoration.
Refers to teeth and tissues towards the back of the mouth (distal to the canines): maxillary and mandibular premolars and molars.
The use of antiobiotic medications prior to dental procedures.
Scaling and polishing procedure performed to remove coronal plaque, calculus and stains.
Artificial replacement of any part of the body.
A dental specialist whose practice is limited to the restoration of the natural teeth and/or the replacement of missing teeth with artificial substitutes.
Connective tissue that contains blood vessels and nerve tissue which occupies the pulp cavity of a tooth.
Complete removal of vital and non vital pulp tissue from the root canal space.
Surgical removal of a portion of the pulp with the aim of maintaining the vitality of the remaining portion by means of an adequate dressing; pulp amputation.
An image produced by projecting radiation, as x-rays, on photographic film. Commonly called x-ray.
To replace the denture base.
To resurface the side of the denture that is in contact with the soft tissues of the mouth to make it fit more securely.
Removable orthodontic appliances used to effect simple tipping movements of one tooth or several.
Removable Partial Denture
A removable partial denture (removable bridge) is a prosthetic replacement of one or more missing teeth that can be removed by the patient.
- Orthodontic Retainer: Appliance to stabilize teeth following orthodontic treatment.
- Prosthodontic Retainer: A part of a fixed partial denture that attaches a pontic to the abutment tooth, implant abutment, or implant.
The anatomic portion of the tooth that is covered by cementum and is located in the alveolus (socket) where it is attached by the periodontal apparatus; radicular portion of tooth.
The portion of the pulp cavity inside the root of a tooth; the chamber within the root of the tooth that contains the pulp.
Root Canal Therapy
The treatment of disease and injuries of the pulp and associated periradicular conditions.
Tooth decay that forms on the roots.
A procedure designed to remove microbial flora, bacterial toxins, calculus, and diseased cementum or dentin on the root surfaces and in the pocket.
Removal of plaque, calculus, and stain from teeth.
Plastic resin placed on the biting surfaces of molars to prevent bacteria from attacking the enamel and causing decay.
A device used to support, protect, or immobilize oral structures that have been loosened, replanted, fractured or traumatized. Also refers to devices used in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders.
The connecting hinge mechanism between the base of the skull (temporal bone) and the lower jaw (mandible).
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMJ)
Abnormal functioning of temporomandibular joint; also refers to symptoms arising in other areas secondary to the dysfunction.
Tooth/teeth that have not penetrated into the oral cavity
In the construction of crowns or pontics, a layer of tooth-colored material, usually, but not limited to, composite, porcelain, ceramic or acrylic resin, attached to the surface by direct fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention; also refers to a restoration that is luted to the facial surface of a tooth.
Decreased salivary secretion that produces a dry and sometimes burning sensation of the oral mucosa and/or cervical caries.